[Full Guide] Repairing Windows 10 via the Command Prompt

[Full Guide] Repairing Windows 10 via the Command Prompt

/ Sed Galope

The command prompt is a powerful tool for troubleshooting and repairing Windows 10. It allows users to check system files, repair corruptions, reset registry settings, and run scripts or fix network problems. It can be used to delete unnecessary files, perform diagnostic tests on the system and even access specific features that may not be available in other parts of Windows 10.

This makes the command prompt an essential tool when attempting to repair Windows 10, as it provides an avenue to make changes without navigating through complicated menus. Furthermore, users can quickly identify any potential issues with their operating system by monitoring log files via the command prompt, which helps them determine how best to address these issues before they become more serious.

The versatility of this tool allows users to make system changes quickly and efficiently, which makes it an invaluable resource for resolving issues with Windows 10. The command prompt also gives users access to additional features that can help repair Windows 10 effectively. For instance, the ‘sfc’ command can scan essential system files and replace corruptions.

Furthermore, the ‘DISM’ command can be used to repair Windows 10 images and repair corrupted components of the operating system. By utilizing these commands correctly, users can easily resolve any issues with their operating system and restore it to full functionality.

Repair Windows 10 Startup Problems Using SFC

A System File Checker (SFC) scan is a Windows utility tool that allows users to scan and repair corrupted or missing system files. When performing an SFC scan, the device will replace any damaged or missing files with a cached copy of the original file. This helps prevent further damage from occurring to the system and prevents unexpected errors from appearing in the future.

To repair Windows 10 from the command prompt for any corrupted or faulty system file, one can use the system file checker tool, i.e., SFC scan, to pinpoint the defective or corrupted files causing the errors. Hence, the SFC scan can be initiated via a command prompt. Here are the steps to check the corrupted system files in the command prompt window.

Step 1: Launch the command prompt from the run utility. Click Windows key+ R, and type cmd in the run command box. Click ok to continue. You can also launch the administrative command prompt via Windows main menu. Type cmd in the taskbar’s search and click the option of run as administrator. It will open the command prompt window.

control find cmd
run command prompt administrator

Step 2: In the prompt window, type sfc/scannow and click enter to execute the command. It will run the SFC scan to check the corrupted system files.

sfc scannow

Repair Windows 10 Using DISM Command

DISM scan, i.e., Deployment Image Servicing and Management, are command line tools that can repair Windows images for Windows PE, Windows Recovery Environment (Windows RE), and Windows Setup. In case of corrupted system files or Windows images, one can use the DISM scan via command prompt action, which can be done from Windows PowerShell (admin). Here are the steps to follow:

Step 1: Launch Windows PowerShell (Admin)from Windows main menu. Type Windows PowerShell (admin) in the taskbar’s search and click the option of run as administrator to open the prompt window.

windows powershell

Step 2: In the prompt window, type the following DISM commands and click enter after each command.

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /CheckHealth

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth /Source:repairSource\install.wim

powrshell windows repair command

Reset Windows 10 With the Command Line

A Command line is a text-based user interface in Windows that enables users to interact with the operating system and execute programs. It is a window through which users can type commands and perform functions or tasks such as launching applications, managing files and folders, setting up network connections, troubleshooting computer issues, and more.

In case of unknown errors for which you are unsure about the actual cause, it’s best to initiate the Windows fresh start over via Windows reset. It can be done from elevated command prompt windows. It will secure all data and personal files and reset the device to resolve errors. Here are the steps to follow:

Step 1: Boot the device and select the option of startup settings.

Step 2: Select enable safe mode in the startup settings window.

enable safemode

Step 3: In the next menu of options, select the troubleshoot option, followed by selecting advanced options.

troubleshoot option

Step 4: In the advanced options window, click the command prompt option and complete the wizard.

command prompt in advanced options

Step 5: An elevated command prompt window will appear as the device starts. In the window, type systemreset -cleanup and click enter to execute the command. Complete the on-screen wizard to complete the action.

systemreset factoryreset cmd command
confirm fresh start command

Run a System Restore With the Command Prompt

A System Restore is a useful feature on Windows that allows you to roll back your computer’s settings to a previous state. It can help you fix issues with your system, like software incompatibilities, viruses, or other errors. When using System Restore, all your installed applications and drivers will remain unchanged, but any programs or files created or changed since the restore point will be removed.

Command prompt action can fix the errors by restoring windows via a particular restore point. It can help regain the device in a state where no potential error affects its functionality. Here are the steps for running system restores from the command prompt in this context.

Step 1: Boot the device in safe mode and click F6 to initiate the command prompt window.

Step 2: Once the prompt window launches, type rstrui.exe and click enter to execute the command.

rstrui exe command

Step 3: It will launch the system restore window. In the menu, click next in the wizard.

click next system restore wizard

Step 4: In the next window, select the appropriate restore point and click next complete on-screen wizard for initiating the action.

select system restore point

CMD Repair Commands

CMD Repair Commands are a series of commands used in the Windows Command Prompt that allow users to fix common computer problems. These commands range from basic file repair to more complex repair tasks such as repairing the registry, restoring system files, and even resetting passwords.

Certain DISM commands can be used to repair online and offline Windows images depending upon the source, i.e., using mounted images or any other source. It can be done from the administrative command prompt. Here are the steps to follow:

Step 1: Launch the command prompt from the run utility. Click Windows key+ R and run the command box, type cmd. Click ok to continue.

run cmd

Step 2: For repairing offline Windows Images from any mounted image source, type the following command in the prompt window and click enter to execute.

Dism /Image:C:\offline /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth /Source:c:\test\mount\windows

dism cleanup image command

Step 3: To repair the online Windows image from your source, type the following command in the prompt window, click enter to execute the command, and complete the action.

Dism /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth /Source:c:\test\mount\windows /LimitAccess

dism restorehealth

Update Your PC to Help Prevent Having to Repair Windows 10 in the Future

Keeping your PC updated is one of the most important steps to ensure it remains in good working order. Regular updates provide security patches, bug fixes, and new features that help keep your system running optimally. Updating Windows 10 will help protect against malware and other malicious activity. It also ensures you can access the latest programs available for your computer, allowing you to use the operating system’s capabilities fully.

Aside from providing better protection and access to new software, keeping up with regular updates helps reduce the need for repairs in the future. Having outdated drivers or an unsupported version of Windows 10 can cause issues that require professional assistance or a complete reinstallation of the OS. To avoid repairing Windows 10 in the future, you should ensure that your PC is regularly updated with the latest security and performance updates.

Finally, updating your computer can also improve battery life and overall performance. Newer Windows 10 are designed to use less energy while delivering a top-notch user experience. By keeping up with the latest version of Windows 10, you can get the most out of your machine without compromising its efficiency.

Mastering Windows 10 Repair: A Step-By-Step Guide Using the Command Prompt

This comprehensive guide taught you how to effectively troubleshoot and repair Windows 10 using the Command Prompt. Following the instructions, you can confidently resolve various issues and restore your system’s functionality. Remember to exercise caution and create backups before making any changes. With the power of the Command Prompt at your fingertips, you can now tackle any problem that comes your way and keep your Windows 10 running smoothly.

Frequently Asked Questions About Repairing Windows from the Command Prompt

How Long Does it Take to Repair Windows 10 from Command Prompt?

The time it takes to repair Windows 10 from the command prompt depends on the issue that needs fixing. A basic repair can take less than an hour, while a more complex problem might require several attempts over several hours or even days. Most repairs should be completed within 24 hours using the command prompt.

Do I Need to Repair Windows if I Have Corrupt Files?

In most cases, repairing Windows is the best solution for corrupt files. Doing so will ensure that new ones replace damaged or corrupted components and that the system runs smoothly. Furthermore, it can also help eliminate potential security risks by ensuring that all Windows updates have been installed.

Will I Lose Protected System Files if I Repair Windows?

The answer is usually no, though it depends on the type of repair you are doing. If you only repair corrupted files or revert system changes, your protected system files should remain intact. However, if you are performing a clean install of Windows or reinstalling from a backup image, some of your protected system files may be lost or overwritten.

What is a System Image on Windows?

A System Image is a complete copy of the contents on a hard drive, including Windows and all user files. It was a replica of the system, allowing users to back up their entire computer in case of loss or damage. A System Image can restore the computer to a previous state if needed.

What is Installation Media on Windows?

Installation Media on Windows is a disk or device containing the necessary files and instructions to install an operating system. The media can be used to boot up the computer, repair corrupted data, or reinstall programs that have become corrupted over time. It is also possible to use Installation Media on Windows to upgrade from one version of an operating system to another.

Will I Lose an ISO File when Repairing Windows?

No, you will not lose an ISO file when repairing Windows. An ISO file is an archive format that can store multiple files and folders into one single file. Therefore, when you repair Windows, the contents within the ISO file are untouched and remain in their original state.

Sed Galope
Meet the author

Sedfrey is an experienced writer and editor. He's also a PC hardware and gaming enthusiast. In his spare time, he enjoys reading about the latest innovations in the PC market and finding fixes to hardware and software errors.